Police Still Arresting More People for Cannabis Use Than For ALL Violent Crimes — Combined

In the United States alone, more than 137,000 people are behind bars on simple drug-possession charges. 

This is  according to a report released last Wednesday by the American Civil Liberties Union and Human Rights Watch.

Almost 2/3 are in local jails with the report suggesting that most of these jailed inmates have not been convicted of any crime: They're sitting in a cell, awaiting a day in court, an appearance that may be months or even years off, because they can't afford to post bail.

Lead author Tess Borden of Human Rights Watch said in an interview:

It's been 45 years since the war on drugs was declared, and it hasn't been a success. Rates of drug use are not down. Drug dependency has not stopped. Every 25 seconds, we're arresting someone for drug use.

Federal facts and figures over the past 30 years show the full story. Possession offences and arrests dramatically increased, from lower than 200 per every 100,000 people in 1979 to over 500 in the mid-2000s. 

According to the FBI, drug-possession rates have since fallen slightly, hovering around 400 arrests per 100,000 people.

Defenders of harsh penalties for drug possession say they are necessary to deter people from using drugs and to protect public health. But despite the tough-on-crime push that led to the surge in arrests in recent decades, illicit drug use today is more common among Americans age 12 and older than it was in the early 1980s. Federal figures show no correlation between drug-possession arrests and rates of drug use during that time.

But the ACLU and Human Rights Watch report shows that arrests for drug possession continue to make up a significant chunk of modern-day police work.

"Around the country, police make more arrests for drug possession than for any other crime," the report finds, citing FBI data. "More than one of every nine arrests by state law enforcement is for drug possession, amounting to more than 1.25 million arrests each year."

In fact, police make more arrests for marijuana possession alone than for all violent crimes combined.

The report finds that the laws are enforced unequally, too. Over their lifetimes, black and white Americans use illicit drugs at similar rates, according to federal data. But black adults were more than 2½ times as likely to be arrested for drug possession.

"We can't talk about race and policing in this country without talking about the No. 1 arrest offense," Borden said.

The report calls for decriminializing the personal use and possession of drugs, treating it as a public-health matter instead of a criminal one.

"Rather than promoting health, criminalization can create new barriers to health for those who use drugs," the report says. "Criminalization drives drug use underground; it discourages access to emergency medicine, overdose prevention services, and risk-reducing practices such as syringe exchanges."

The report reinforces its point by noting the lengthy sentences handed down in some states for possession of small amounts of drugs.

Corey J. Ladd, was arrested for possessing half an ounce of marijuana during a 2011 traffic stop in New Orleans. 

He had previous convictions for two prior offenses involving the possession of small amounts of hydrocodone and LSD, he was sentenced in 2013 to 17 years in prison as a "habitual offender." He is currently appealing the sentence to Louisiana's Supreme Court.

"Corey's story is about the real waste of human lives, let alone taxpayer money, of arrest and incarceration for personal drug use," Borden said. "He could be making money and providing for his family."

But Ladd's treatment is far from the harshest drug-possession sentence uncovered by ACLU and Human Rights Watch researchers, who conducted analyses of arrest and incarceration data from Florida, New York and Texas.

Let's take Texas for example. 116 people are currently serving full- life sentences on charges of simple drug possession. 

Seven of those people earned their sentences for possessing quantities of drugs weighing between 1 gram and 4 grams, or less than a typical sugar packet. That's because Texas also has a habitual-offender law, allowing prosecutors to seek longer-than-normal sentences for people who have two prior felonies.

"In 2015, more than 78 percent of people sentenced to incarceration for felony drug possession in Texas possessed under a gram," the report found.

If you enjoyed this article or learned something new, please don't forget to share it with others so they have a chance to enjoy this free information. This article is open source and free to reblog or use if you give a direct link back to the original article URL. Thanks for taking the time to support an open source initiative. We believe all information should be free and available to everyone. Have a good day and we hope to see you soon!
Police Still Arresting More People for Cannabis Use Than For ALL Violent Crimes — Combined Police Still Arresting More People for Cannabis Use Than For ALL Violent Crimes — Combined Reviewed by Admin on 15:24:00 Rating: 5
Copyright Organic & Healthy 2016. Powered by Blogger.